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Annotated checklist of the birds of Brazil by the Brazilian Ornithological Records Committee—second edition

Pacheco, José Fernando, Silveira, Luís Fábio, Aleixo, Alexandre, Agne, Carlos Eduardo, Bencke, Glayson A, Bravo, Gustavo A, Brito, Guilherme RR, Cohn-Haft, Mario, Maurício, Giovanni Nachtigall, Naka, Luciano N, Olmos, Fabio, Posso, Sérgio R, Lees, Alexander ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7603-9081, Figueiredo, Luiz Fernando A, Carrano, Eduardo, Guedes, Reinaldo C, Cesari, Evaldo, Franz, Ismael, Schunck, Fabio and Piacentini, Vitor de Q (2021) Annotated checklist of the birds of Brazil by the Brazilian Ornithological Records Committee—second edition. Ornithology Research, 29.

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Abstract

An updated version of the checklist of birds of Brazil is presented, along with a summary of the changes approved by the Brazilian Ornithological Records Committee’s Taxonomy Subcommittee since the first edition, published in 2015. In total, 1971 bird species occurring in Brazil are supported by documentary evidence and are admitted to the Primary List, 4.3% more than in the previous edition. Eleven additional species are known only from undocumented records (Secondary List). For each species on the Primary List, status of occurrence in the country is provided and, in the case of polytypic species, the respective subspecies present in Brazilian territory are listed. Explanatory notes cover taxonomic changes, nomenclatural corrections, new occurrences, and other changes implemented since the last edition. Ninety species are added to the Primary List as a result of species descriptions, new occurrences, taxonomic splits, and transfers from the Secondary List due to the availability of documentation. In contrast, eight species are synonymized or assigned subspecific status and thus removed from the Primary List. In all, 293 species are endemic to Brazil, ranked third among the countries with the highest rate of bird endemism. The Brazilian avifauna currently consists of 1742 residents or breeding migrants, 126 seasonal non-breeding visitors, and 103 vagrants. The category of vagrants showed the greatest increase (56%) compared to the previous list, mainly due to new occurrences documented in recent years by citizen scientists. The list updates the diversity, systematics, taxonomy, scientific and vernacular nomenclature, and occurrence status of birds in Brazil.

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