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Investigating Nanoindentation Creep Behavior of Pulsed-TIG Welded Inconel 718 and Commercially Pure Titanium Using a Vanadium Interlayer

Shehbaz, Tauheed and Khan, Fahd Nawaz and Junaid, Massab and Haider, Julfikar (2021) Investigating Nanoindentation Creep Behavior of Pulsed-TIG Welded Inconel 718 and Commercially Pure Titanium Using a Vanadium Interlayer. Metals, 11 (9).

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Abstract

In a dissimilar welded joint between Ni base alloys and titanium, creep failure is a potential concern as it could threaten to undermine the integrity of the joint. In this research, the mechanical heterogeneity of a Pulsed TIG welded joint between commercially pure titanium (CpTi) and Inconel 718 (IN718) with a vanadium (V) interlayer was studied through a nanoindentation technique with respect to hardness, elastic modulus, and ambient temperature creep deformation across all regions (fusion zones and interfaces, mainly composed of a dendritic morphology). According to the experimental results, a nanohardness of approximately 10 GPa was observed at the V/IN718 interface, which was almost 70% higher than that at the V/CpTi interface. This happened due to the formation of intermetallic compounds (IMCs) (e.g., Ti2Ni, NiV3, NiTi) and a (Ti, V) solid solution at the V/IN718 and V/CpTi interfaces, respectively. In addition, nanohardness at the V/IN718 interface was inhomogeneous as compared to that at the V/CpTi interface. Creep deformation behavior at the IN718 side was relatively higher than that at different regions on the CpTi side. The decreased plastic deformation or creep effect of the IMCs could be attributed to their higher hardness value. Compared to the base metals (CpTi and IN718), the IMCs exhibited a strain hardening effect. The calculated values of the creep stress exponent were found in the range of 1.51–3.52 and 2.52–4.15 in the V/CpTi and V/IN718 interfaces, respectively. Furthermore, the results indicated that the creep mechanism could have been due to diffusional creep and dislocation climb.

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