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Age-related declines in muscle and respiratory function are proportionate to declines in performance in Master Track Cyclists

Ocana, Pablo Duro, Darabseh, Mohammad Z, Ishihara, Kengo, Aburub, Aseel, Zambolin, Fabio, Montgomery, Gallin ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2609-2615, Mills, Richard ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3249-7539, Scorcelletti, Matteo, Cameron, James ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1183-0184, Ganse, Bergita, Degens, Hans ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7399-4841 and Bagley, Liam ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5538-0870 (2021) Age-related declines in muscle and respiratory function are proportionate to declines in performance in Master Track Cyclists. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 121 (12). pp. 3447-3457. ISSN 1439-6319

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Abstract

Abstract Purpose Respiratory and musculoskeletal function decline with age, irrespective of physical activity levels. Previous work has suggested that the age-related rate of decline in function of these two systems might be similar, but it is not known to what extent each system contributes to decreasing performance in ageing master cyclists. Therefore, the purposes of this study are (1) whether the age-related rate of decline in respiratory function, respiratory muscle strength, muscle architecture, muscle function, haemoglobin concentration, haematocrit and performance in master cyclists is uniform and (2) which parameters Methods Master cyclists were recruited during the TrackCycling Masters World Championship 2019 in Manchester. Respg spirometry and a mouth pressure device, respectively. Muscle architecture was determined using ultrasonography, and muscle function by countermovement jump. Results Forced expiratory volume in the frst second, forced vital capacity, fascicle length, muscle thickness, take-of velocity, jump power, jump power per body mass, handgrip strength, haemoglobin concentration and performance correlated negatively with age (p≤0.043). The age-related rate of decline did not difer signifcantly between parameters (p=0.124), but it was slower for haemoglobin concentration (p=0.041). Take-of velocity was the major determinant of performance in 200, 500 and 2000 m track cycling disciplines (R2 adj=0.675, 0.786 and 0.769, respectively; p<0.001). Conclusion Age-related decline in respiratory and muscle system is accompanied by a similar rate of decline in performance. The major contribution to the age-related decline of performance is reduced muscle function, specifcally take-off velocity.

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