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A multi-country test of brief reappraisal interventions on emotions during the COVID-19 pandemic

Wang, K and Goldenberg, A and Dorison, CA and Miller, JK and Uusberg, A and Lerner, JS and Gross, JJ and Agesin, BB and Bernardo, M and Campos, O and Eudave, L and Grzech, K and Ozery, DH and Jackson, EA and Garcia, EOL and Drexler, SM and Jurković, AP and Rana, K and Wilson, JP and Antoniadi, M and Desai, K and Gialitaki, Z and Kushnir, E and Nadif, K and Bravo, ON and Nauman, R and Oosterlinck, M and Pantazi, M and Pilecka, N and Szabelska, A and van Steenkiste, IMM and Filip, K and Bozdoc, AI and Marcu, GM and Agadullina, E and Adamkovič, M and Roczniewska, M and Reyna, C and Kassianos, AP and Westerlund, M and Ahlgren, L and Pöntinen, S and Adetula, GA and Dursun, P and Arinze, AI and Arinze, NC and Ogbonnaya, CE and Ndukaihe, ILG and Dalgar, I and Akkas, H and Macapagal, PM and Lewis, S and Metin-Orta, I and Foroni, F and Willis, M and Santos, AC and Mokady, A and Reggev, N and Kurfali, MA and Vasilev, MR and Nock, NL and Parzuchowski, M and Espinoza Barría, MF and Vranka, M and Kohlová, MB and Ropovik, I and Harutyunyan, M and Wang, C and Yao, E and Becker, M and Manunta, E and Kaminski, G and Marko, D and Evans, K and Lewis, DMG and Findor, A and Landry, AT and Aruta, JJB and Ortiz, MS and Vally, Z and Pronizius, E and Voracek, M and Lamm, C and Grinberg, M and Li, R and Valentova, JV and Mioni, G and Cellini, N and Chen, SC and Zickfeld, J and Moon, K and Azab, H and Levy, N and Karababa, A and Beaudry, JL and Boucher, L and Collins, WM and Todsen, AL and van Schie, K and Vintr, J (2021) A multi-country test of brief reappraisal interventions on emotions during the COVID-19 pandemic. Nature Human Behaviour, 5. pp. 1089-1110.

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Abstract

Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has increased negative emotions and decreased positive emotions globally. Left unchecked, these emotional changes might have a wide array of adverse impacts. To reduce negative emotions and increase positive emotions, we tested the effectiveness of reappraisal, an emotion-regulation strategy that modifies how one thinks about a situation. Participants from 87 countries and regions (n = 21,644) were randomly assigned to one of two brief reappraisal interventions (reconstrual or repurposing) or one of two control conditions (active or passive). Results revealed that both reappraisal interventions (vesus both control conditions) consistently reduced negative emotions and increased positive emotions across different measures. Reconstrual and repurposing interventions had similar effects. Importantly, planned exploratory analyses indicated that reappraisal interventions did not reduce intentions to practice preventive health behaviours. The findings demonstrate the viability of creating scalable, low-cost interventions for use around the world. Protocol registration: The stage 1 protocol for this Registered Report was accepted in principle on 12 May 2020. The protocol, as accepted by the journal, can be found at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4878591.v1.

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