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    Real World Prevalence, Pattern and Cost of Physiotherapy Treatment for Osteoarthritis in Nigeria

    Fatoye, Francis ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3502-3953, Gebrye, Tadesse ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7976-2013, Fatoye, Clara, Mbada, Chidozie Emmanuel, Olaniyi, Habeeb and Oyeleye, Oyewole (2020) Real World Prevalence, Pattern and Cost of Physiotherapy Treatment for Osteoarthritis in Nigeria. In: ISPOR Europe 2020, 17 November 2020 - 20 November 2020, Milan, Italy.

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    Abstract

    Fatoye F,1 Gebrye T,2 Fatoye C,3 Mbada C,4 Olaniyi H,5 Oyeleye O51Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, LIN, UK,2ManchesterMetropolitan University, Manchester, UK,3Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, LAN, UK,4Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria,5Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Ondo, NigeriaObjectives:Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative joint disease affecting 60-70% of elderly population globally. It is associated with significant economic burden to individuals and health systems. This study examined the real world prevalence, pattern and cost of physiotherapy for OA in Nigeria. Methods: A retrospective study of all cases of OA seen over a 10 year (2009 and 2018) period at the Obafemi Awo-lowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Île Ife, Osun State, Nigeria was con-ducted. A 10 year (2009 and 2018) record of all cases of OA were assessed. Data were gleaned on socio-demographics, treatments administered and the costs of physio-therapy. Both direct and indirect costs were estimated using the cost of illness approach. Data were summarised using descriptive statistics of mean, standard deviation (SD) and frequency. Inferential statistics of t-test and ANOVA were also used to analyse the data Results: The prevalence of OA was 3.6% of all cases over a 10 year period. The mean (SD) age of patients was 62.1 (9.3) years, and 80.9% of them werewomen. OA of the knee was the commonest and often presented with pain (100%),swelling (44.1%), crepitus (77.9%), reduced range of motion (77.2%), and deformity(34.6%). The most common physiotherapy interventions used were strengtheningexercises (58.8%) and soft tissue massage (98.5%). 24.3% and 13.2% of the patients also received infrared radiation therapy, and other modalities such as ultrasound and transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation, respectively. Physiotherapy interventions had significant effect on pain (p = 0.001). The annual mean (SD) direct and indirect costs of OA were 36.1367.87 and 144.52631.49 USA dollars (USD), respectively. Conclusions: Real-world prevalence of OA was relatively low in Nigeria with the knee joint most frequently affected. Physiotherapy interventions were effective for reducing pain in patients with OA.

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