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Foot Orthoses Enhance the Effectiveness of Exercise, Shockwave, and Ice Therapy in the Management of Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome.

Naderi, Aynollah and Bagheri, Shahabeddin and Ramazanian Ahoor, Fatemeh and Moen, Maarten H and Degens, Hans (2021) Foot Orthoses Enhance the Effectiveness of Exercise, Shockwave, and Ice Therapy in the Management of Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. ISSN 1050-642X

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Abstract

Objective: Our aim was to assess the effects of adding arch-support foot-orthoses (ASFO) to a multimodal therapeutic intervention on the perception of pain and improvement of recovery from medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) in recreational runners. Design: A prospective randomized controlled trial. Setting: Sport training and medical centers. Participants: Fifty female recreational runners with MTSS were randomized into 2 groups. Interventions: Runners either received ASFO or sham flat noncontoured orthoses. Both groups received a multimodal therapeutic intervention, including ice massage, ankle muscle exercises, and extracorporeal shockwave therapy. Main Outcome Measures: Pain during bone pressure using a numerical Likert scale (0-10), MTSS severity using an MTSS scale, perceived treatment effect using the global rating of change scale, and quality of life using the short Form-36 questionnaire were determined at week 6, 12, and 18. Results: Pain intensity and MTSS severity were lower, and the perceived treatment effect and physical function were better in the ASFO than in the sham flat noncontoured orthoses group at week 6 and week 12. Cohen's dz effect size for between-group differences showed a medium difference. However, arch-support foot-orthoses did not add to the benefits of multimodal therapeutic intervention on pain, MTSS severity and perceived treatment effect at week 18. Conclusions: Adding ASFO to a therapeutic intervention leads to an earlier diminishment of pain and MTSS severity, and improved PF and perceived therapeutic effects.

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