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    Slavery and the “American Way of War” 1607-1861

    Phillips, Gervase ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6522-5417 and Sandy, Laura (2021) Slavery and the “American Way of War” 1607-1861. Comparative Studies in Society and History: an international quarterly, 63 (4). pp. 825-850. ISSN 0010-4175

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    Slavery and warfare were inextricably intertwined in the history of Britain’s North American colonies and, subsequently, the early republic. Yet this deep connection has not been acknowledged in the historiography. In particular, the debate about an “American Way of War” has neglected the profound significance of slavery as a formative factor in America’s “First Way of War”. Here, these two forms of organised, systemic violence are considered not merely within a comparative framework but as phenomena whose relationship is so deeply enmeshed that they cannot be meaningfully understood in isolation. Slavery is thus placed centrally in an examination of American war-making, from the colonial to the antebellum period. Three main areas are highlighted: slave raiding against Native Americans; slavery as a factor in imperial and national strategy-making and diplomacy; slavery as an “internal war”.

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