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Incentive Based Load Shedding Management in a Microgrid Using Combinatorial Auction with IoT Infrastructure

Zaidi, Bizzat Hussain and Ullah, Ihsan and Alam, Musharraf and Adebisi, Bamidele and Azad, Atif and Ansari, Ali Raza and Nawaz, Raheel (2021) Incentive Based Load Shedding Management in a Microgrid Using Combinatorial Auction with IoT Infrastructure. Sensors, 21 (6).

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Abstract

This paper presents a novel incentive-based load shedding management scheme within a microgrid environment equipped with the required IoT infrastructure. The proposed mechanism works on the principles of reverse combinatorial auction. We consider a region of multiple consumers who are willing to curtail their load in the peak hours in order to gain some incentives later. Using the properties of combinatorial auctions, the participants can bid in packages or combinations in order to maximize their and overall social welfare of the system. The winner determination problem of the proposed combinatorial auction, determined using particle swarm optimization algorithm and hybrid genetic algorithm, is also presented in this paper. The performance evaluation and stability test of the proposed scheme are simulated using MATLAB and presented in this paper. The results indicate that combinatorial auctions are an excellent choice for load shedding management where a maximum of 50 users participate.

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