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The colour we wear: Impact on self-predicted and actual motor performance

Kam, Karina KW and Uiga, Liis and Lam, Wing-Kai and Capio, Catherine M (2021) The colour we wear: Impact on self-predicted and actual motor performance. The Journal of Sport and Exercise Science, 5 (1).

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Abstract

The effect of colouron different aspects of performance has been the subject of substantial research interest, and red had been shown to have varying effects on not only performance, but perceptions as well. This study examined the effect of apparel colour on self-predicted and actual motor performance. Thirty-six young adults (18 females, 18 males; 20.4 SD 1.32 years old), who had no experience in football, performed a task consisting of an agility ladder drill and football shooting, in each of three bib colours (red, blue, black). Self-predicted and actual performances were measured on the dimensions of shooting accuracy and kicking power. A significant effect of colour on self-predicted shooting accuracy was found. Participants expected themselves to shoot less accurately when they were wearing a red bib, compared to when wearing blue and black bibs. No effect of colour on actual performance was found and no significant interaction was found between colour and sex. The findings suggest that wearing red could reduce users’ expectations of their performance in a novel motor task; there is no effect on actual performance.

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