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Development of a rapid method for assessing the efficacy of antibacterial photocatalytic coatings

Scimone, Antony, Redfern, James ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0958-683X, Patiphatpanya, Panudda, Thongtem, Titipun, Ratova, Marina, Kelly, Peter ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1008-4941 and Verran, Joanna (2020) Development of a rapid method for assessing the efficacy of antibacterial photocatalytic coatings. Talanta. p. 122009. ISSN 0039-9140

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Abstract

Visible-light activated photocatalytic coatings may represent an attractive antimicrobial solution in domains such as food, beverage, pharmaceutical, biomedical and wastewater remediation. However, testing methods to determine the antibacterial effects of photocatalytic coatings are limited and require specialist expertise. This paper describes the development of a method that enables rapid screening of coatings for photocatalytic-antibacterial activity. Relying on the ability of viable microorganisms to reduce the dye resazurin from a blue to a pink colour, the method relates the time taken to detect this colour change with number of viable microorganisms. The antibacterial activity of two photocatalytic materials (bismuth oxide and titanium dioxide) were screened against two pathogenic organisms (Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae) that represent potential target microorganisms using traditional testing and enumeration techniques (BS ISO 27447:2009) and the novel rapid method. Bismuth oxide showed excellent antibacterial activity under ambient visible light against E. coli, but was less effective against K. pneumoniae. The rapid method showed excellent agreement with existing tests in terms of number of viable cells recovered. Due to advantages such as low cost, high throughput, and less reliance on microbiological expertise, this method is recommended for researchers seeking an inexpensive first-stage screen for putative photocatalytic-antibacterial coatings.

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