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Endurance exercise plus overload induces fatigue resistance and similar hypertrophy in mice irrespective of muscle mass.

Hendrickse, Paul W and Krusnauskas, Raulas and Hodson-Tole, Emma and Venckunas, Tomas and Degens, Hans (2020) Endurance exercise plus overload induces fatigue resistance and similar hypertrophy in mice irrespective of muscle mass. Experimental Physiology. ISSN 0958-0670

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Abstract

NEW FINDINGS:What is the central question of this study? Does combining endurance and hypertrophic stimuli blunt the adaptations to both modalities and is this effect greater in muscles with larger baseline fibre cross sectional area? What is the main finding and its importance? Endurance exercise and hypertrophic stimuli can be combined to increase fatigue resistance and fibre size without blunting either adaptation regardless of baseline fibre size. ABSTRACT:Previous studies have demonstrated that fibre cross-sectional area (FCSA) is inversely related to oxidative capacity, which is thought to be determined by diffusion limitations of oxygen, ADP and ATP. Consequently, it is hypothesised that (1) when endurance training is combined with a hypertrophic stimulus the response to each will be blunted, and (2) muscles with a smaller FCSA will show a larger hypertrophic response than those with a large FCSA. To investigate this, we combined overload with endurance exercise in 12-month-old male mice from three different strains with different FCSA: Berlin High (BEH) (large fibres), C57BL/6J (C57) (normal-sized fibres) and Berlin Low (BEL) (small fibres). The right plantaris muscle was subjected to overload through denervation of synergists with the left muscle acting as an internal control. Half the animals trained 30 min per day for 6 weeks. The overload-induced hypertrophy was not blunted by endurance exercise, and the exercise-induced increase in fatigue resistance was not impaired by overload. All strains demonstrated similar absolute increases in FCSA, although the BEH mice with more fibres than the C57 mice demonstrated the largest increase in muscle mass and BEL mice with fewer fibres the smallest increase in muscle mass. This study suggests that endurance exercise and hypertrophic stimuli can be combined without attenuating adaptations to either modality, and that increases in FCSA are independent of baseline fibre size.

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