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Swarm intelligence–based energy efficient clustering with multihop routing protocol for sustainable wireless sensor networks

Elhoseny, M and Rajan, RS and Hammoudeh, M and Shankar, K and Aldabbas, O (2020) Swarm intelligence–based energy efficient clustering with multihop routing protocol for sustainable wireless sensor networks. International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, 16 (9). ISSN 1550-1329

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Abstract

© The Author(s) 2020. Wireless sensor network is a hot research topic with massive applications in different domains. Generally, wireless sensor network comprises hundreds to thousands of sensor nodes, which communicate with one another by the use of radio signals. Some of the challenges exist in the design of wireless sensor network are restricted computation power, storage, battery and transmission bandwidth. To resolve these issues, clustering and routing processes have been presented. Clustering and routing processes are considered as an optimization problem in wireless sensor network which can be resolved by the use of swarm intelligence–based approaches. This article presents a novel swarm intelligence–based clustering and multihop routing protocol for wireless sensor network. Initially, improved particle swarm optimization technique is applied for choosing the cluster heads and organizes the clusters proficiently. Then, the grey wolf optimization algorithm–based routing process takes place to select the optimal paths in the network. The presented improved particle swarm optimization–grey wolf optimization approach incorporates the benefits of both the clustering and routing processes which leads to maximum energy efficiency and network lifetime. The proposed model is simulated under an extension set of experimentation, and the results are validated under several measures. The obtained experimental outcome demonstrated the superior characteristics of the improved particle swarm optimization–grey wolf optimization technique under all the test cases.

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