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A Qualitative Study of Various Aspects of the Application of IoT in Disaster Management

Ghasemi, Parisa and Karimian, Noushin (2020) A Qualitative Study of Various Aspects of the Application of IoT in Disaster Management. In: 2020 6th International Conference on Web Research (ICWR), 22 April 2020 - 23 April 2020, Tehran, Iran.

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Abstract

Considering the vital issue of disaster management and the requirement of its additional development due to the increase in the rate of disasters over the recent years, using new technologies in all stages of disaster management including preparation stages for pre-disaster periods, reaction to disaster during its occurrence as well as the post-disaster reconstruction is very important. Therefore, the capacity of IoT in creating intelligence in objects to investigate different environmental parameters, the capacity of analyzing information, the intelligence required to predict some events and consequently, responding timely to any event and even proposing programs and systems for human performance are very effective in managing disasters. The existing resources for investigating the usages of Internet of Things (IoT) in disaster management could each address a particular aspect of this application. This paper has attempted to present a comprehensive view regarding the different dimensions of application of IoT in disaster management. The advantages and disadvantages of this application are mentioned, some instances of previous systems and models have also been discussed. The novelty of this work is the extent of examined dimensions and also addressing what can be done in different kinds of disasters.

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