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Studying the Effect of Adding Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) Nanoparticles on the Compressive Strength of Chemical and Heat-activated Acrylic Denture Base Resins

Haider, Julfikar (2020) Studying the Effect of Adding Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) Nanoparticles on the Compressive Strength of Chemical and Heat-activated Acrylic Denture Base Resins. Advances in Materials and Processing Technologies. ISSN 2374-068X (In Press)

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Abstract

Problem: The commonly used acrylic resins for fabricating denture base suffer from poor mechanical properties. Aim: This study aimed to assess the effect of incorporating Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles (NPs) as a reinforcement agent on the compressive strength of acrylic denture base materials. Materials and methods: Thirty-two cylindrical specimens (22 mm in height and 12 mm in diameter) were prepared from PMMA resins with and without TiO2 NPs. They were allocated into two main groups according to the materials used such as cold cure and heat cure denture base resins and then subdivided into two subgroups each containing eight specimens: control (without nanoparticles) and experimental (with 2 wt.% TiO2 NPs). TiO2 NPs were synthesized via a chemical processing route and particle morphology and size distribution were assessed using SEM and AFM while XRD technique was employed to determine the crystalline structure of the NPs. Compression test was performed on the specimens using a universal Instron testing machine to compare the compressive strength. Results: Size of crystalline TiO2 NPs varied between 40-80 nm. The mean compressive strength for the cold cure acrylic resin (control group) and its nanocomposite (experimental group) were found as 15.37 MPa and 17.42 MPa while for the heat cure acrylic resin and its nanocomposite were 23.04 MPa and 24.30 MPa. A statistically significant difference was recorded in the compressive strength between the cold cure acrylic resin and its nanocomposite. However, the difference was non-significant in the case of heat cure acrylic resin. Conclusion: The compressive strength of both cold cure and heat cure acrylic resins increased after incorporation TiO2 NPs.

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