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Skeletal muscle fiber-type-specific changes in markers of capillary and mitochondrial content after low-volume interval training in overweight women

Tan, Rachel and Nederveen, Joshua P and Gillen, Jenna B and Joanisse, Sophie and Parise, Gianni and Tarnopolsky, Mark A and Gibala, Martin J (2018) Skeletal muscle fiber-type-specific changes in markers of capillary and mitochondrial content after low-volume interval training in overweight women. Physiological Reports, 6 (5). e13597-e13597. ISSN 2051-817X

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Abstract

High‐intensity interval training (HIIT) enhances skeletal muscle oxygen delivery and utilization but data are limited regarding fiber‐specific adaptations in humans. We examined the effect of 18 sessions of HIIT (10 × 60‐sec cycling intervals at ~90% HRmax, interspersed by 60‐sec of recovery) over 6 weeks on markers of microvascular density and oxidative capacity in type I and II fibers in healthy but sedentary young women (Age: 26 ± 7 years; BMI: 30 ± 4 kg·m−2; VO2peak: 2.16 ± 0.45 L·m−1). Immunohistochemical analyses of muscle cross sections revealed a training‐induced increase in capillary contacts per fiber in type I fibers (PRE: 4.38 ± 0.37 vs. POST: 5.17 ± 0.80; main effect, P < 0.05) and type II fibers (PRE: 4.24 ± 0.55 vs. POST: 4.92 ± 0.54; main effect, P < 0.05). The capillary‐to‐fiber ratio also increased after training in type I fibers (PRE: 1.53 ± 1.44 vs. POST: 1.88 ± 0.38; main effect, P < 0.05) and type II fibers (PRE: 1.45 ± 0.19 vs. POST: 1.76 ± 0.27; main effect, P < 0.05). Muscle oxidative capacity as reflected by the protein content of cytochrome oxidase IV also increased after training in type I fibers (PRE: 3500 ± 858 vs. POST: 4442 ± 1377 arbitrary units; main effect, P < 0.01) and type II fibers (PRE: 2632 ± 629 vs. POST: 3863 ± 1307 arbitrary units; main effect, P < 0.01). We conclude that short‐term HIIT in previously inactive women similarly increases markers of capillary density and mitochondrial content in type I and type II fibers.

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