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An Exploration of Spatial and Social Inequalities of Urban Sports Facilities in Nanning City, China

Shen, Jinghong and Cheng, Jianquan and Huang, Wencong and Zeng, Fantao (2020) An Exploration of Spatial and Social Inequalities of Urban Sports Facilities in Nanning City, China. Sustainability, 12 (11). p. 4353.

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Abstract

Health and well-being have become important dimensions of urban sustainability, particularly in countries with rapid urbanization and aging populations. As such, providing opportunities for physical activity and exercise has become a priority in the planning and governance of Healthy City in these countries. Relatively little research has investigated the provision of sports facilities in developing countries. This paper seeks to address this gap by exploring the spatial and social inequality of sports facilities at the urban scale using Nanning City in South China as a case study. Spatial aggregate analyses, including an allocation index, accessibility, diversity, and geographically weighted regression, were applied to mixed data sets from primary and secondary sources from 2018. The results confirmed a strong inequality of sports facilities provision across the study area and between age groups. This study suggests that the reduction of inequality and the improvement of equity and social justice should consider the spatial and social matches between demand and supply, through increasing sports facilities investment intensity and road network density.

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