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The immediate effects of pelvic compression belt with a textured sacral pad on the sacroiliac function in pregnant women with lumbopelvic pain: A cross-over study

Delshad, Bahareh, Zarean, Elaheh, Yeowell, Gillian ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3872-9799 and Sadeghi-Demneh, Ebrahim (2020) The immediate effects of pelvic compression belt with a textured sacral pad on the sacroiliac function in pregnant women with lumbopelvic pain: A cross-over study. Musculoskeletal Science and Practice, 48. ISSN 2468-7812

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Abstract

Background: Pelvic belt is being used to alleviate the symptoms of lumbopelvic pain. Objective: To investigate the immediate effects of a pelvic belt with a textured sacral pad in pregnant women with lumbopelvic pain. Methods: Twenty-eight pregnant women participated in a randomized crossover study. Hip joint position sense, maximum hip flexion force, and perceived effort during the active straight leg raising test were measured in twenty-eight pregnant women with lumbopelvic pain. Outcomes were measured in three randomized conditions including no pelvic belt (control), with a pelvic belt, and while a sacral pad was used with the pelvic belt. Data were analyzed using a one-way repeated measures analysis of variance for each variable. Results: Improvements in all study outcomes have been shown with a pelvic belt compared with the control condition. The addition of a textured sacral pad to the pelvic belt improved all study outcomes compared with the pelvic belt: hip joint position sense (p <0.001; 95% confidence interval:1.3to2.3), perceived effort (p ¼0.003; 95% confidence interval: 0.35 to 1.86), and maximum flexion force (p <0.001; 95% confidence inter-val:2.77to6.47) in the active straight leg raising. Conclusion: Further improvements were noted with the addition of the textured pad for all outcome measures. This finding may inform new benefits in adding a textured sacral pad to pelvic compression belts.

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