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    Implementation of a “real-world” learning health system: results from the evaluation of the Connected Health Cities programme

    Steels, S ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8603-9069, Ainsworth, J and van Staa, TP (2021) Implementation of a “real-world” learning health system: results from the evaluation of the Connected Health Cities programme. Learning Health Systems, 5 (2). e10224.

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    © 2020 The Authors. Learning Health Systems published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of the University of Michigan Background: The “learning health system” has been proposed to deliver better outcomes for patients and communities by analyzing routinely captured health information and feeding back results to clinical staff. This approach has been piloted in the Connected Health Cities (CHC) programme in four regions in the North of England. This paper presents the results of the evaluation of this program conducted between February and December 2018. Methods: Fifty nine semistructured interviews were completed with a mix of CHC programme staff and external partners who had contributed to the delivery of the CHC programme. Interviews were audio recorded and transcribed verbatim. This also included the review of project documentation including project reports and minutes of project group meetings, in addition to a short online survey that was completed by 31 members of CHC programme staff. Data were analyzed thematically. Results: Two overarching themes emerged through the thematic analysis of participant interview: (a) challenges in the implementation of learning health system pathways, and (b) benefits to the CHC approach for both staff and patients. In particular, time constraints in delivering an ambitious program of work, data quality, and accessibility, as well as the long-term sustainability of the CHC programme were noted as key challenges in implementing a LHS at scale. Conclusions: The findings from this evaluation provide valuable insight into creating learning health system at scale, including the potential benefits and likely challenges.

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