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    Bacterial dominance is due to effective utilisation of secondary metabolites produced by competitors.

    Morgan, Benjamin G, Warren, Paul, Mewis, Ryan E ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3756-6505 and Rivett, Damian W (2020) Bacterial dominance is due to effective utilisation of secondary metabolites produced by competitors. Scientific Reports, 10 (1). p. 2316. ISSN 2045-2322

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    Abstract

    Interactions between bacteria govern the progression of respiratory infections; however, the mechanisms underpinning these interactions are still unclear. Understanding how a bacterial species comes to dominate infectious communities associated with respiratory infections has direct relevance to treatment. In this study, Burkholderia, Pseudomonas, and Staphylococcus species were isolated from the sputum of an individual with Cystic Fibrosis and assembled in a fully factorial design to create simple microcosms. Measurements of growth and habitat modification were recorded over time, the later using proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectra. The results showed interactions between the bacteria became increasingly neutral over time. Concurrently, the bacteria significantly altered their ability to modify the environment, with Pseudomonas able to utilise secondary metabolites produced by the other two isolates, whereas the reverse was not observed. This study indicates the importance of including data about the habitat modification of a community, to better elucidate the mechanisms of bacterial interactions.

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