Manchester Metropolitan University's Research Repository

A meta-review of typologies of global citizenship education

Pashby, Karen ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9967-8262, da Costa, Marta, Stein, Sharon and Andreotti, Vanessa (2020) A meta-review of typologies of global citizenship education. Comparative Education, 56 (2). pp. 144-164. ISSN 0305-0068

Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (2MB) | Preview


This paper reports on a reflexive exercise contributing a meta-mapping of typologies of GCE and supplementary analysis of that mapping. Applying a heuristic of three main discursive orientations reflected in much of the literature on GCE—neoliberal, liberal, and critical—and their interfaces, we created a social cartography of how 9 journal articles categorize GCE. We found the greatest confluence within the neoliberal, greatest number within the liberal, and a conflation of different ‘types’ of GCE within the critical orientation. We identified interfaces between neoliberal-liberal and liberal-critical orientations as well as new interfaces: neoconservative-neoliberal-liberal, critical-liberal-neoliberal, and critical-post critical. Despite considerable diversity of GCE orientations, we argue GCE typologies remain largely framed by a limited range of possibilities, particularly when considered as implicated in the modern-colonial imaginary. In a gesture toward expanding future possibilities for GCE, we propose a new set of distinctions between methodological, epistemological, and ontological levels.

Impact and Reach


Activity Overview
6 month trend
6 month trend

Additional statistics for this dataset are available via IRStats2.


Actions (login required)

View Item View Item