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Dynamic fracture of CrN coating by highly-resolved nano-impact

Shi, Xiangru, Li, Heng, Beake, Ben D, Bao, Mingdong, Liskiewicz, Tomasz W ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0866-814X, Sun, Zhengming and Chen, Jian (2019) Dynamic fracture of CrN coating by highly-resolved nano-impact. Surface and Coatings Technology, 383. p. 125288. ISSN 0257-8972

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Abstract

Nano-impact testing has provided localized high strain rate deformation information in either (i) repetitive impact for fatigue of brittle materials or (ii) high-resolution data acquisition of single impacts for energy dissipation and dynamic hardness in ductile materials. The current study focusses on whether high-resolution data acquisition can be used to determine fracture occurring during a single impact event. A PVD CrN coating on 42CrMo4 high speed steel (HSS) was impacted with a cube corner indenter over a range of different acceleration forces. By analyzing the high precision depth-time curves during the first contact phase of the impact, an abrupt depth change was observed at and above 30 mN acceleration force. Focused ion beam technology confirmed through-thickness coating fracture without delamination on tests where the step was observed. The step was absent at lower force or on the more ductile HSS throughout the load range. The fracture dissipated energy and fracture toughness of the coating was estimated under 50 mN acceleration force based on the analysis of impact energy. The calculated dynamic fracture toughness of CrN coating is in the range of 2.75–7.74 MPa·m¹⁄², depended on the indenter geometry constant, which is comparable with the reported value of about 3.13 MPa·m¹⁄²

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