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    Enabling change: developing an assessment tool for adult offenders in England which operationalises risk needs responsivity and desistance principles

    Horan, Rachel, Wong, Kevin ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3847-2316 and Szifris, Kirstine ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5279-8072 (2020) Enabling change: developing an assessment tool for adult offenders in England which operationalises risk needs responsivity and desistance principles. European Journal of Probation, 12 (1). pp. 1-16. ISSN 2066-2203

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    Abstract

    This article examines the extent to which the risk needs responsivity (RNR) model and desistance principles have been integrated and operationalised in the development of the Enablers of Change assessment and sentence planning tool developed by a Community Rehabilitation Company provider in England. We consider the constructs which underpin the tool, identifying points of departure and similarity between RNR principles (Bonta and Andrews, 2007), the 'good lives' model (Ward and Maruna, 2007) and desistance principles (McNeil and Weaver, 2010) and their integration. We examine how these constructs have been operationalised in the tool which aims to assess needs, strengths, protective factors and contribute to risk assessment. Given the tool's innovation, this article is of international significance and will make an original contribution to the evidence base on operationalising desistance in the management of people with convictions in England and Wales and other jurisdictions.

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