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    Methane emission management in a dual-fuel engine exhaust using Pd and Ni hydroxyapatite catalysts

    Kamieniak, J, Kelly, PJ, Banks, CE and Doyle, AM (2017) Methane emission management in a dual-fuel engine exhaust using Pd and Ni hydroxyapatite catalysts. Fuel, 208. pp. 314-320. ISSN 0016-2361

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    Abstract

    While dual-fuel engines reduce transportation costs and CO 2 emissions by using alternative energy sources e.g. natural gas, the exhaust streams often contain quantities of emissions that exceed limits and therefore require removal. Pd- and Ni-hydroxyapatite (HAP) catalysts were prepared using a soft-templating method and tested in the dry reforming of methane (DRM) in a fixed bed reactor that simulates an exhaust from a diesel-natural gas dual-fuel engine. XRD revealed the characteristic HAP crystal structure of all the prepared materials. The HAP phase was further confirmed by TEM, which also showed the presence of submicron sized particles. The BET surface areas of HAP prepared using a single surfactant was 27.7 m 2  g −1 and increased to 84.9 m 2  g −1 when mixed surfactants were used. Active metals were added to HAP using either incipient wetness impregnation, ion-exchange or solid dispersion. All the catalysts tested were active in DRM with the optimal samples converting over 85% of methane at 650 °C.

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