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Role of the Diamagnetic Zinc(II) Ion in Determining the Electronic Structure of Lanthanide Single-Ion Magnets.

Upadhyay, A and Das, C and Vaidya, S and Singh, SK and Gupta, T and Mondol, R and Langley, SK and Murray, KS and Rajaraman, G and Shanmugam, M (2017) Role of the Diamagnetic Zinc(II) Ion in Determining the Electronic Structure of Lanthanide Single-Ion Magnets. Chemistry: A European Journal, 23 (20). pp. 4903-4916. ISSN 0947-6539

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Abstract

Four complexes containing DyIII and PrIII ions and their LnIII -ZnII analogs have been synthesized in order to study the influence that a diamagnetic ZnII ion has on the electronic structure and hence, the magnetic properties of the DyIII and PrIII single ions. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction revealed the molecular structures as [DyIII (HL)2 (NO3 )3 ] (1), [PrIII (HL)2 (NO3 )3 ] (2), [ZnII DyIII (L)2 (CH3 CO2 )(NO3 )2 ] (3) and [ZnII2 PrIII (L)2 (CH3 CO2 )4 (NO3 )] (4) (where HL=2-methoxy-6-[(E)-phenyliminomethyl]phenol). The dc and ac magnetic data were collected for all four complexes. Compounds 1 and 3 display frequency dependent out-of-phase susceptibility signals (χM "), which is a characteristic signature for a single-molecule magnet (SMM). Although 1 and 3 are chemically similar, a fivefold increase in the anisotropic barrier (Ueff ) is observed experimentally for 3 (83 cm-1 ), compared to 1 (16 cm-1 ). To rationalize the larger anisotropic barrier (1 vs. 3), detailed ab initio calculations were performed. Although the ground state Kramer's doublet in both 1 and 3 are axial in nature (gzz =19.443 for 1 and 18.82 for 3), a significant difference in the energy gap (Ueff ) between the ground and first excited Kramer's doublet is calculated. This energy gap is governed by the electrostatic repulsion between the DyIII ion and the additional charge density found for the phenoxo bridging ligand in 3. This extra charge density was found to be a consequence of the presence of the diamagnetic ZnII ion present in the complex. To explore the influence of diamagnetic ions on the magnetic properties further, previously reported and structurally related Zn-DyIII complexes were analyzed. These structurally analogous complexes unambiguously suggest that the electrostatic repulsion is found to be maximal when the Zn-O-Dy-O dihedral angle is small, which is an ideal condition to maximize the anisotropic barrier in DyIII complexes.

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