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Novel synthesis of mesoporous hydroxyapatite using carbon nanorods as a hard-template

Kamieniak, J, Doyle, AM, Kelly, PJ and Banks, CE (2017) Novel synthesis of mesoporous hydroxyapatite using carbon nanorods as a hard-template. Ceramics International, 43 (7). pp. 5412-5416. ISSN 0272-8842


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© 2017 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. A novel hard-template synthesis approach for the fabrication of mesoporous hydroxyapatite (HAP) is described herein. Carbon nanorods, synthesised using mesoporous silica (SBA-15) and an acidified sucrose solution, are used as a hard template, after which, they are utilised to synthesise mesoporous HAP. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and nitrogen adsorption/Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), are all employed to characterise the synthesised materials. We demonstrate that this approach allows for the successful fabrication of single phase HAP with surface area 242.20±2.27m2 g-1 and average pore diameter 3.5nm and 18.9nm. This work proposes for the first time a bespoke innovative procedure that employs carbon nanorods as a template for the synthesis of mesoporous HAP via a hard templating protocol.

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