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Social Entrepreneurship in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Critical Analysis of Diaspora Social Investments

Ndhlovu, TP and Ndinda, C (2016) Social Entrepreneurship in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Critical Analysis of Diaspora Social Investments. In: Diaspora and Transnational Entrepreneurship in Global Contexts. IGI Global, pp. 219-235. ISBN 9781522519911

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Abstract

There has been a growing interest in “social entrepreneurship”, but very few analyses have attempted to go beyond definitional disagreements in capturing the role of the diaspora within a theoretical and evidence-based framework. It is in this context that this chapter systematises competing perspectives on social entrepreneurship, that is, the neo-liberal conception, the institutional/social organisation framework and the agenda of social transformation. On the basis, we proceed to analyse how far so-called “social impact investments” in Sub-Saharan Africa by the diaspora has contributed to poverty alleviation and a fundamental social transformation. Our study will not only clarify competing viewpoints, but also place the diaspora at the centre of this process. While great strides have been made in the institutional context by the African diaspora such as Mutombo and Akon in making the world a better place, there are limitations to what they can do. Indeed, our alternative social transformation conception of social entrepreneurship teases out these limitations, politically and socially.

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