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Vector OFDM Transmission over Non-Gaussian Power Line Communication Channels

Adebisi, B, Rabie, KM, Ikpehai, A, Soltanpur, C and Wells, A (2018) Vector OFDM Transmission over Non-Gaussian Power Line Communication Channels. IEEE Systems Journal, 12 (3). pp. 2344-2352. ISSN 1932-8184

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Most of the recent power line communication (PLC) systems and standards, both narrow-band and broadband, are based on orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM). This multiplexing scheme, however, suffers from the high peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR), which can considerably impact the energy efficiency, size, and cost of PLC modems as well as cause electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) issues. This paper investigates the performance of vector OFDM (VOFDM), which has inherently better PAPR properties, over non-Gaussian broadband PLC channels equipped with two nonlinear preprocessors at the receiver. In addition, the low PAPR property of the VOFDM system is exploited to further enhance the efficiency of the nonlinear preprocessors. The achievable gains are studied in terms of the complementary cumulative distribution function of the PAPR, probability of noise detection error, and the signal-to-noise ratio at the output of the nonlinear preprocessors. For comparison’s sake, the performance of conventional OFDM systems is also presented throughout this paper. Results reveal that the proposed system is able to provide up to 2-dB saving in the transmit power relative to the conventional OFDM under same system conditions, which eventually also translates into a system that is more resilient to EMC limits, reduced cost, and size of PLC modems. It is also shown that the achievable gains become more significant as the vector block size of the VOFDM system is increased.

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