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    The Mediatorless Electroanalytical Sensing of Sulfide Utilizing Unmodified Graphitic Electrode Materials

    Thakur, B, Bernalte, E, Smith, J, Linton, P, Sawant, S, Banks, C and Foster, C (2016) The Mediatorless Electroanalytical Sensing of Sulfide Utilizing Unmodified Graphitic Electrode Materials. C, 2 (2). ISSN 2311-5629


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    The mediatorless electroanalytical sensing of sulfide is explored at a range of commercially available graphitic based electrodes namely, edge and basal plane pyrolytic graphite (EPPGE and BPPGE, respectively), boron-doped diamond (BDDE), glassy carbon (GCE) and screen-printed electrodes (SPE). The electrochemical performance is evaluated in terms of current density/analytical signal and oxidation potential, where the GCE and SPE are found to possess the optimal electrochemical responses. The electroanalytical performance of the GCE is explored towards the electrochemical sensing of sulfide and it is found that it is hampered by sulfide passivation, thus requiring pretreatment in the form of electrode polishing between each measurement. We demonstrate that SPEs provide a simple analytically comparable alternative, which, due to their scales of economy, create disposable, one-shot sensors that do not require any pretreatment of the electrode surface. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report using mediatorless SPEs (bare/unmodified) towards the sensing of sulfide. In addition, the electroanalytical efficacy of the SPEs is also explored towards the detection of sulfide within model aqueous solutions and real drinking water samples presenting good apparent recoveries, justifying the plausibility of this graphitic mediatorless screen-printed platform.

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