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    Development and validation of the compliant and principled sportspersonship scale

    Perry, JL, Clough, PJ, Crust, L, Nabb, SL and Nicholls, AR (2014) Development and validation of the compliant and principled sportspersonship scale. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 86. ISSN 0270-1367


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    Copyright © 2015 SHAPE America. Purpose: A new measure of sportspersonship, which differentiates between compliance and principled approaches, was developed and initially validated in 3 studies. Method: Study 1 developed items, assessed content validity, and proposed a model. Study 2 tested the factorial validity of the model on an independent sample. Study 3 further tested the factorial validity on another independent sample as well as the construct validity. Results: In Study 1, a 71-item questionnaire was developed. Exploratory factor analysis reduced the questionnaire to a 6-factor, 33-item scale explaining 47.70% of the variance. Study 2 tested this revised questionnaire in a series of confirmatory factor analyses, presenting a 24-item and 5-factor model with acceptable fit, χ<sup>2</sup>(242) = 455.9, comparative fit index =.93, Tucker-Lewis Index =.92, standardized root mean square residual =.05, root mean square error of approximation =.04. Study 3 provided some evidence to support the construct validity of the 24-item scale using theoretically associated measures. Conclusions: This series of studies provided some initial validity evidences of the Compliant and Principled Sportspersonship Scale.

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