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Evidence-based development of a post-surgical lumbar discectomy leaflet intervention: a Delphi consensus study.

Goodwin, PC and Wright, CC and Allan, C and Crowther, L and Darley, C and Heap, A and Paul, E and White, L and Rushton, A (2015) Evidence-based development of a post-surgical lumbar discectomy leaflet intervention: a Delphi consensus study. BMJ Open, 5. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To produce free, expert-informed postoperative information for lumbar discectomy patients, satisfying UK National Health Service Information Standards. DESIGN: A mixed methods approach utilising the Delphi technique and focus groups. SETTING: Five spinal centres across the UK. PARTICIPANTS: Panel members included 23 physiotherapists, 11 patients and 17 spinal surgeons. INTERVENTION: Three rounds of questionnaires including open and closed questions and attendance at a clinician/patient focus group. RESULTS: Response rates of 85%, 26% and 35% were achieved for the Delphi rounds. Ten clinicians and six patients participated in the focus groups. Consensus for leaflet sections was achieved in round 1 and content in round 3. The focus groups informed further revisions. CONCLUSIONS: A consensually agreed, Information Standard compliant, patient lumbar discectomy leaflet was produced containing: (1) normal spine anatomy; (2) anatomy disc herniation and surgery; (3) back protection strategies and (4) frequently asked questions. Illustrations of exercises enable tailoring to the individual patient.

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