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Magnetic properties of electrodeposited nanowires

Heydon, G.P. and Hoon, Steve R. and Farley, A. N. and Tomlinson, S.L. and Valera, M. S. and Attenborough, K and Schwarzacher, W (1997) Magnetic properties of electrodeposited nanowires. Journal of physics d: applied physics, 30 (7). p. 1083. ISSN 1361-6463

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Abstract

Electrodeposited multilayered nanowires grown within a polycarbonate membrane constitute a new medium in which giant magnetoresistance (GMR) perpendicular to the plane of the multilayers can be measured. These structures can exhibit a perpendicular GMR of at least 22% at ambient temperature. We performed detailed studies both of reversible magnetization and of irreversible remanent magnetization curves for CoNiCu/Cu/CoNiCu multilayered and CoNiCu pulse-deposited nanowire systems with Co:Ni ratios of 6:4 and 7:3 respectively in the range 10 - 290 K, allowing the magnetic phases of these structures to be identified. Shape anisotropy in the pulse-deposited nanowire and inter-layer coupling in the multilayered nanowire are shown to make important contributions to the magnetic properties. Dipolar-like interactions are found to predominate in both nanowire systems. Magnetic force microscope (MFM) images of individual multilayered nanowires exhibit a contrast consistent with there being a soft magnetization parallel to the layers. Switching of the magnetic layers in the multilayered structure into the direction of the MFM tip's stray field is observed.

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