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    Particulate-biofilm, expanded-bed technology for high-rate, low-cost wastewater treatment: nitrification

    Dempsey, MJ ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0794-4667, Lannigan, KC and Minall, RJ (2005) Particulate-biofilm, expanded-bed technology for high-rate, low-cost wastewater treatment: nitrification. Water Research, 39 (6). pp. 965-974. ISSN 0043-1354

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    Abstract

    The performance of a particulate-biofilm, expanded-bed process for nitrification of activated sludge final effluent (ASFE) is reported for a plant receiving mixed industrial and domestic wastewater. The support material for the particulate-biofilms was glassy coke, to which the nitrifying bacteria attached and formed a highly active biofilm. An average nitrification rate of 1.7±0.6 kg m-3expanded bed d-1 was recorded during operation of the bioreactor, which had a hydraulic residence time of 15 min. On average, the ASFE contained 12.6±3.7 g m-3 NH3-N, which was reduced to 2.6±3.3 g m-3 NH 3-N. Furthermore, transfer of 10-12% of the oxygen in air was achieved using counter-current aeration. This investigation has demonstrated that a high rate of nitrification can be achieved with a particulate-biofilm, expanded-bed process. It has also demonstrated that the process can operate without backwashing and still remove particulate material from the ASFE feed. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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