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A bore-capturing finite volume method for open-channel flows

Hu, Keming and Mingham, Clive G. and Causon, Derek M. (1998) A bore-capturing finite volume method for open-channel flows. International journal for numerical methods in fluids, 28 (8). 1241-1261.. ISSN 0271-2091

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A high-resolution finite volume hydrodynamic solver is presented for open-channel flows based on the 2D shallow water equations. This Godunov-type upwind scheme uses an efficient Harten-Lax-van Leer (HLL) approximate Riemann solver capable of capturing bore waves and simulating supercritical flows. Second-order accuracy is achieved by means of MUSCL reconstruction in conjunction with a Hancock two-stage scheme for the time integration. By using a finite volume approach, the computational grid can be irregular which allows for easy boundary fitting. The method can be applied directly to model 1D flows in an open channel with a rectangular cross-section without the need to modify the scheme. Such a modification is normally required for solving the 1D St Venant equations to take account of the variation of channel width. The numerical scheme and results of three test problems are presented in this paper.

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