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A picture of male and female unemployment among Britain’s ethnic minorities

Blackaby, David and Drinkwater, Stephen and Leslie, Derek and Murphy, Philip D. (1997) A picture of male and female unemployment among Britain’s ethnic minorities. Scottish journal of political economy, 44 (2). 182-197.. ISSN 0036-9292

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Using a sample of around one million observations, formed by combining two micro datasets from the 1991 Census of Population, the paper explores male and female unemployment differences across Britain's ethnic minorities. The large sample size allows a detailed multivariate analysis of females for the first time. Unemployment differences are not simply the result of characteristic differences or discrimination by the white majority. The empirical work shows that there are equally wide discrepancies in female unemployment rates, compared with males, between the white majority and the non-white ethnic minorities. Of particular interest is the comparison between UK born and foreign born ethnic minorities. Unemployment rates among the former tend to be considerably higher, but this is accounted for by characteristic differences. Thus there is no evidence that the UK born are doing worse, as the raw data suggest, but they do not seem to be becoming better assimilated either.

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