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Energy Dissipation and Non-Potential Effects in Wave Breaking

Khait, Anatoliy and Ma, Zhihua and Qian, Ling and Bai, Wei and Lin, Zaibin (2020) Energy Dissipation and Non-Potential Effects in Wave Breaking. In: The Thirtieth (2020) International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference, 12 October 2020 - 16 October 2020, Shanghai, China. (In Press)

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Abstract

This paper presents a comparative numerical study of the energy dissipation process in the breaking of focused waves by using a potential flow model and a coupled potential/viscous flow model. An empirical eddy viscosity term is introduced to the fully-nonlinear potential (FNP) flow model to account for the breaking wave energy dissipation. The FNP model is further coupled with an incompressible two-phase NavierStokes (NS) flow solver through a one-way linkage to generate and propagate focused waves in the domain. Numerical absorbing regions are placed in front of the outlet boundaries to dampen wave reflection. The standalone FNP model and the coupled FNP+NS model are applied to deal with each scenario comparatively. This enables the accurate quantification and comparison of the energy loss of breaking waves calculated by the two numerical models. The velocity field is decomposed into potential component, which is reconstructed from the corresponding free surface elevation computed in the coupled model by using the weakly-nonlinear wave theory, and non-potential rotational component. Detailed analysis of the numerical results shows that: (1) energy loss is closely related to wave steepness, (2) mild rotational motion produced by a non-breaking wave is local in time with a short life-span, (3) strong non-potential motion triggered by wave breaking is not local in time but persists in the flow for dozens of or even many more wave periods.

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