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Stromal derived factor-1 exerts differential regulation on distinct cortical cell populations in vitro

Pritchett, J and Wright, C and Zeef, L and Nadarajah, B (2007) Stromal derived factor-1 exerts differential regulation on distinct cortical cell populations in vitro. BMC Developmental Biology, 7. ISSN 1471-213X

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Abstract

Background. Stromal derived factor (SDF-1), an alpha chemokine, is a widely known chemoattractant in the immune system. A growing body of evidence now suggests multiple regulatory roles for SDF-1 in the developing nervous system. Results. To investigate the role of SDF-1 signaling in the growth and differentiation of cortical cells, we performed numerous in vitro experiments, including gene chip and quantitative RT-PCR analysis. Using SDF-1 medium and AMD3100, a receptor antagonist, we demonstrate that the chemokine signaling regulates key events during early cortical development. First, SDF-1 signaling maintains cortical progenitors in proliferation, possibly through a mechanism involving connexin 43 mediated intercellular coupling. Second, SDF-1 signaling upregulates the differentiation of cortical GABAergic neurons, independent of sonic signaling pathway. Third, SDF-1 enables the elongation and branching of axons of cortical glutamatergic neurons. Finally, cortical cultures derived from CXCR4-/- mutants show a close parallel to AMD3100 treatment with reduced cell proliferation and differentiation of GABAergic neurons. Conclusion. Results from this study show that SDF-1 regulates distinct cortical cell populations in vitro. © 2007 Pritchett et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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