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An experimental investigation on spray, ignition and combustion characteristics of biodiesels

Wang, X and Huang, Z and Kuti, OA and Zhang, W and Nishida, K (2010) An experimental investigation on spray, ignition and combustion characteristics of biodiesels. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 33 (2). pp. 2071-2077. ISSN 1540-7489

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Abstract

Spray, ignition and combustion characteristics of biodiesel fuels were investigated under a simulated diesel-engine condition (885 K, 4 MPa) in a constant volume combustion vessel. Two biodiesel fuels originated from palm oil and used cooking oil were used while JIS#2 used as the base fuel. Spray images were taken by a high speed video camera by using Mie-scattering method to measure liquid phase penetration and liquid length. An image intensifier combined with OH filter was used to obtain OH radical image near 313 nm. Ignition and combustion characteristics were studied by OH radical images. Biodiesel fuels give appreciably longer liquid lengths and shorter ignition delays. At low injection pressure (100 MPa), biodiesel fuels give shorter lift-off lengths than those of diesel. While at high injection pressure (200 MPa), the lift-off length of biodiesel fuel originated palm oil gives the shortest value and that of biodiesel from used cooking oil gives the longest one. Air entrainment upstream of lift-off length of three fuels was estimated and compared to soot formation distance. This study reveals that the viscosity and ignition quality of biodiesel fuel have great influences on jet flame structure and soot formation tendency. © 2010 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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