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Can tragedy make people better? An exploration into whether posttraumatic growth from Nadir experiences and Peak experience related growth are important for Self-Actualization

Villanueva, Timothy John (2013) Can tragedy make people better? An exploration into whether posttraumatic growth from Nadir experiences and Peak experience related growth are important for Self-Actualization. Manchester Metropolitan University. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate a novel idea that positive growth from both peak and nadir experiences are essential in Self-actualization and are all interrelated; in that Self-actualization can aid in posttraumatic growth and peak experience related growth. Using a correlational survey design, the present study investigated the proposed relationship between these constructs. A total of N=240 participants were completed a questionnaire that was available online and in printed version. A new scale to measure positive growth from peak experiences (PERGS) was tested and found to be a reliable and valid way to measure this phenomenon. A Multiple Regression Analysis was used to investigate the effects of the variables Peak Experience Related Growth and Posttraumatic Growth; which were found to have unique predictive factors in relation to Self-actualization. Self-actualizers were found to report more peak and nadir experiences and were better able to benefit positively from them. Peak experience related growth and Posttraumatic growth can all be used in the prediction of Self-actualization. Recommendations for further study are made in terms of further testing of the PERGS. Other factors that play a role in these variables were social support and personality; further studies can look into the effects of these.

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