Manchester Metropolitan University's Research Repository

An evaluation into birth order, gender and their relation to personality traits

Mawson, Marsha (2013) An evaluation into birth order, gender and their relation to personality traits. Manchester Metropolitan University. (Unpublished)


Download (191kB) | Preview


In Psychology, birth order has remained a controversial issue with regards to its suspected link to personality. By using a quantitative questionnaire, the present research aimed to reveal whether an individual’s birth order and gender pre-positions them to develop certain behaviours. With reference to existing literature, specific traits thought to be connected to birth ranks were measured. 90 participants from first (N=30), middle (N=30) and last (N=30) ranks of birth and both genders were measured on leadership, self-esteem and rebelliousness. Participants were recruited from three child families and consisted of 45 males and 45 females. A 2x3 ANOVA indicated a significant main effect of birth order on all three personality traits. However, a significant main effect of gender was only found for rebelliousness. Subsequently, three participants engaged in a semi-structured interview which disclosed self-report experiences influenced by birth order and gender. The data were then transcribed and analysed in a thematic manner. Thematic analysis revealed 4 master themes: acceptance of the self, personal feelings, stereotypes and personal experiences. Such analysis allowed exploration of questionnaire findings, adding a qualitative outlook to results. Developed themes can be applied to previous research on the treatment of individuals.

Impact and Reach


Activity Overview

Additional statistics for this dataset are available via IRStats2.

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item