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The Influence of Psychosocial Factors on Suicide Ideation across the Ageing Population

Lovat, Steven (2013) The Influence of Psychosocial Factors on Suicide Ideation across the Ageing Population. Manchester Metropolitan University. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Suicide refers to an act whereby the person ends their own life willingly, mainly to escape problematic family or social environments. Preceding this is suicide ideation, which is having plans and wishes to commit suicide, but not making any explicit attempt. Previous research has suggested that approximately 1 million people commit suicide each year, with around 5,000 of these in the United Kingdom alone. Causes were examined in terms of Psychosocial factors, and research explicated many possible factors. Existing literature has espoused a clear dichotomy concerning which age and gender are most at risk of suicidal thought. Responses from eighty participants (N=80) were measured on four questionnaires, measuring suicide ideation, hope, self-esteem and social support, with age, gender, employment and relationship status as mediating factors. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that only social support satisfaction and hope (agency) formed a significant model of prediction for suicide ideation, while independent t-tests showed significant correlations between suicidal thought and the four mediating factors. Social support satisfaction and hope (agency) are therefore part of a potentially significant model of prediction. Future research needs to include a more comprehensive model, greater sample and compare geographical location.

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