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Islamophobia and its effects on British South Asian Muslims post 9/11

Atkhtar, Rumana (2011) Islamophobia and its effects on British South Asian Muslims post 9/11. Manchester Metropolitan University. (Unpublished)


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The situation of British South Asian Muslims has been highlighted by the events of September 11and its aftermath. There has been a rise in Islamophobia in which Islam is described as ‘inferior to the west, barbaric and irrational’ (The Runnymede Trust, 1997). Previous research has shown a significant rise in Islamophobia, towards those who are easy to identify as Muslim (Allen & Nielson, 2002). Building upon past limited literature, this report is a qualitative study which then aimed to determine how British South Asian Muslims were affected by Islamophobia, living in the post 9/11 climate in Britain. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 British South Asian Muslims aged between 18-30. Thematic analysis was then utilised to interpret the findings, in order to determine the key themes and concepts common in the data. The findings demonstrated that participants had indeed been subject to the impact of Islamophobia in various ways. There were reports of experiencing prejudice (be it physical or verbal); and views on what it means to be a British South Asian Muslim in the 21st century, in the face of negative media portrayal, and being stigmatised with a negative label. There is also an increased awareness of religious identity.

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