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Schizotypy and creativity: are self-reported measures of creativity more effective in studying the relationship than divergent thinking tests?

Hick, Suzannah (2010) Schizotypy and creativity: are self-reported measures of creativity more effective in studying the relationship than divergent thinking tests? Manchester Metropolitan University. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Schizotypy refers to personality traits that relate to a proneness to schizophrenia and has been linked in the past to creativity (Claridge and Blakey, 2009). This has been researched using divergent thinking (DT) tests, however, self-reported measures of creativity are suggested to be superior but are not often used. The study aimed to assess the best measure of creativity in relation to schizotypy, whilst investigating a creativity-schizotypy relationship. Age was also considered. DT tests, The Biographical Inventory of Creative Behaviours (Batey, 2007) and The Creativity Styles Questionnaire-Revised (Kumar et al, 1997) measured creativity and The Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences (O-LIFE – Short Form) (Mason et al, 2005) measured schizotypy. Sixty-seven participants (M = 23, F = 44) of all ages completed the questionnaires. Data was analysed using ANOVAs for age, and Pearson’s correlations and regressions for assessing a creativity-schizotypy relationship. DT did not correlate with schizotypy whereas self-reported measures positively correlated with positive and asocial schizotypy (p <.01) and negatively correlated with negative schizotypy (p < .05). A partial age effect on schizotypy and creativity was found. In conclusion, self-reported measures are good tests of creativity in relation to schizotypy and should be included in future research, as should age and creative styles which are significant.

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