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A dot probe study investigating attentional bias in males with regard to drive for muscularity and internalisation of media images

Greenwood, Leanne (2010) A dot probe study investigating attentional bias in males with regard to drive for muscularity and internalisation of media images. Manchester Metropolitan University. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This study investigates attentional bias within males using a visual dot probe task, focusing particularly on any media internalisation, athlete internalisation and drive for muscularity differences related to this concept. 50 males, aged 18 – 30, participated in the study. Participants giving consent were asked to complete a dot probe task and three questionnaires; The Internalisation-General subscale of the Sociocultural Attitudes towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3), the Internalisation-Athlete subscale of the SATAQ-3 and the Drive for Muscularity Questionnaire. Results were analysed using the Univariate Analysis of Variants (ANOVAS), finding Drive for muscularity had a significant interaction effect with probe position on participant’s reaction time to the dot probe. Further analysis using Post Hoc t-testing revealed that participants low on Drive for Muscularity responded significantly faster to the dot probe when the probe appeared in the incongruent position compared to the congruent position. Conclusions derived from quantitative data revealed participants may have experienced cognitive avoidance when completing the dot probe task and not attentional bias. Also the images used may not have been threatening enough to warrant significant results. Furthermore the research highlights further findings from the study and the practical implications experienced.

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