e-space
Manchester Metropolitan University's Research Repository

Sprint and endurance power and ageing: an analysis of master athletic world records

Rittweger, Jörn and di Prampero, Pietro E. and Maffulli, Nicola and Narici, Marco V. (2009) Sprint and endurance power and ageing: an analysis of master athletic world records. Proceedings of The Royal Society B Biological Sciences, 276 (1657). pp. 683-689. ISSN 1471-2954

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Human physical performance is notably reduced with ageing. Although the effects of ageing are often compounded by disuse, the study of master athletes provides an opportunity for investigating the effects of ageing per se. It is often held that sprinting is more affected than endurance performance. However, past analyses of master athletic world record data have yielded opposite observations. We argue here that our understanding of these data improves by considering how, biomechanically, metabolic power is related to athletic performance. In line with earlier studies, our analysis showed that running speed declines with age in a more pronounced way for endurance events than for sprinting events, confirming former studies. However, when assessing the metabolic power required to achieve the running world records, sprint and endurance events show a relatively uniform decline with age across the different events. This study has reconciled formerly conflicting scientific results and improves our understanding of the ageing process. However, it is unclear as to which are the governing mechanisms that cause the different systems in our body, responsible for sprinting and for endurance performance, to be affected by ageing in a remarkably uniform way.

Impact and Reach

Statistics

Downloads
Activity Overview
0Downloads
74Hits

Additional statistics for this dataset are available via IRStats2.

Altmetric

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item