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Computational fluid dynamics modelling of buoyancy induced viscoelastic flow in a porous medium with magnetic field effects

Bég, O. Anwar and Takhar, Harmindar S. and Kumari, Mahesh and Nath, Girishwar (2001) Computational fluid dynamics modelling of buoyancy induced viscoelastic flow in a porous medium with magnetic field effects. International journal of applied mechanics and engineering, 6 (1). pp. 187-210. ISSN 1734-4492

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Abstract

A 2-dimensional computational fluid dynamics analysis of steady state thermal boundary layer flow of a second order non-Newtonian fluid past a horizontal wedge in a Brinkman-Darcy porous medium, in the presence of a transverse magnetic field, is presented. The governing equations are transformed from Cartesian coordinates (x,y) into a sixth order system of partial differential equations in a 'ksi'-n coordinate system. These complex equations are then reduced to a set of six first order equations which are solved using the robust Keller finite difference method, and a block tridiagonal iterative solver, SOLV6. It is shown that heat transfer magnitude is depressed by magnetic field parameter (Hartmann number, Ha) and also considerably reduced with increasing viscoelasticity parameter (K). Surface shear stresses are also reported to fall considerably with increase in viscoelasticity of the fluid. Effects of other hydrodynamic and thermal parameters on the flow are discussed in detail.

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