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Employment in host regions and foreign direct investment

Tuselmann, Heinz and McDonald, Frank and Heise, Arne and Williams, David (2003) Employment in host regions and foreign direct investment. Environment and planning c: government and policy, 21 (5). pp. 687-701. ISSN 1472-3425

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Abstract

This paper examines the relationship between foreign direct investment inflows and employment using international business strategy literature to identify the factors influencing the development of subsidiaries that might affect employment growth in host regions. A survey of German subsidiaries in North West England is used to test the significance of the variables that are identified as likely to affect employment. The results of logit regression indicate that entry mode, technology transfer, and firm age affect the growth of employment. The study also highlights that other factors, such as sector, organisational structure, the level of diversification of operations by subsidiaries in the local economy, and range of markets supplied may have important affects on employment. The research indicates that further conceptual and empirical work is required to clarify our understanding of how the organisational, operational, and diversification characteristics of subsidiaries affect employment.

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