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Urinary incontinence in men with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy

Morse, CI and Higham, K and Bostock, EL and Jacques, MF (2020) Urinary incontinence in men with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. PLoS ONE, 15 (5).

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Abstract

© 2020 Morse et al. The prevalence of urinary incontinence in Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy (D/ BMD) is reported to be between 15 29%, this however includes ages across the lifespan, and with no description of impact on daily life. The present study, aimed to determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence in men with D/BMD, and to identify which aspects of daily life were impacted by urinary incontinence. Twenty-seven adult males, 11 with BMD and 16 with DMD, aged 20 57 years, volunteered to participate in this study. Six questionnaires were completed to provide an overview of participant mobility, urinary incontinence and distress caused by urinary incontinence. These included: The Barthel index of disability, International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Urinary Incontinence Form, Incontinence Impact Questionnaire Short Form, The Urogenital Distress Inventory, and the Brooke and Vignos scale. The prevalence of urinary incontinence within the present men with D/BMD was 37%, assessed as urine leakage of once a week or more. Those with urinary incontinence all reported only a "small amount" of urine leakage, with urinary incontinence frequency of once a week in 5/10 participants, two or three times a week in 2/10 participants, and once a day in 3/10 participants. Of those with urinary incontinence 8/10 experienced some impact on their daily life from urine leakage including travel (4/10), social aspects (5/10), and emotional aspects (8/10). All participants with urinary incontinence were bothered by some aspect, including urine leakage (9/10), and frequent urination (4/10). In conclusion, 37% of the present men with D/BMD experience urinary incontinence on a weekly or daily basis and negatively impacted aspects of life related to travel, social and emotional wellbeing. Urine leakage, and frequent urination should be considered a meaningful problem by care providers, and discussed openly with those with D/BMD.

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