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The influence of intra-daily activities and settings upon weekday violent crime in public space in Manchester, UK

Lee, Won Do and Haleem, Muhammad Salman and Ellison, Mark and Bannister, Jon (2020) The influence of intra-daily activities and settings upon weekday violent crime in public space in Manchester, UK. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research. ISSN 0928-1371

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Abstract

People ebb and flow across the city. The spatial and temporal patterning of crime is, in part, reflective of this mobility, of the scale of the population present in any given setting at a particular time. It is also a function of capacity of this population to perform an active role as an offender, victim or guardian in any specific crime type, itself shaped by the time-variant activities undertaken in, and the qualities of, particular settings. To this end, this paper explores the intra-daily influence of activities and settings upon the weekday spatial and temporal patterning of violent crime in public spaces. This task is achieved through integrating a transient population dataset with travel survey, point-of-interest and recorded crime data in a study of Great Manchester (UK). The research deploys a negative binomial regression model controlling for spatial lag effects. It finds strong and independent, but time-variant, associations between leisure activities, leisure settings and the spatial and temporal patterning of violent crime in public space. The paper concludes by discussing the theoretical and empirical implications of these findings.

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