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Computational models that matter during a global pandemic outbreak: A call to action

Squazzoni, F and Polhill, JG and Edmonds, B and Ahrweiler, P and Antosz, P and Scholz, G and Chappin, E and Borit, M and Verhagen, H and Giardini, F and Gilbert, N (2020) Computational models that matter during a global pandemic outbreak: A call to action. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, 23 (2). ISSN 1460-7425

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Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic is causing a dramatic loss of lives worldwide, challenging the sustainability of our health care systems, threatening economic meltdown, and putting pressure on the mental health of individuals (due to social distancing and lock-down measures). The pandemic is also posing severe challenges to the scientific community, with scholars under pressure to respond to policymakers’ demands for advice despite the absence of adequate, trusted data. Understanding the pandemic requires fine-grained data representing specific local conditions and the social reactions of individuals. While experts have built simulation models to estimate disease trajectories that may be enough to guide decision-makers to formulate policy measures to limit the epidemic, they do not cover the full behavioural and social complexity of societies under pandemic crisis. Modelling that has such a large potential impact upon people’s lives is a great responsibility. This paper calls on the scientific community to improve the transparency, access, and rigour of their models. It also calls on stakeholders to improve the rapidity with which data from trusted sources are released to the community (in a fully responsible manner). Responding to the pandemic is a stress test of our collaborative capacity and the social/economic value of research.

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