e-space
Manchester Metropolitan University's Research Repository

Pain and athletes: Contact sport participation and performance in pain

Sheffield, D and Thornton, C and Jones, MV (2020) Pain and athletes: Contact sport participation and performance in pain. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 49. ISSN 1469-0292

[img]
Restricted to Repository staff only until 29 March 2022.

Download (272kB)

Abstract

© 2020 Elsevier Ltd Objectives: This study examined the effect of cold pressor pain on performance in high-contact athletes, low-contact athletes and non-athletes. Design: A three-group between-subjects experimental design was used. Method: Seventy-one participants completed a motor task and a cognitive task of different complexity (easy or hard) both in pain and not in pain. The motor task involved participants throwing a tennis ball at numbered targets in the correct order. In the cognitive task, participants were required to check off the numbers one to twenty-five in the correct order from a grid of randomly ordered numbers. Task difficulty was increased by adding dummy targets (motor task) or extra numbers (cognitive task). Results: Cold pressor pain was rated as less intense by high-contact athletes during both tasks compared to low-contact athletes and non-athletes. High-contact athletes’ performance was not hampered by pain on the motor task, whereas it was in low-contact athletes and non-athletes. However, pain did not hamper performance for any group during the cognitive task. Low-contact and non-athletes did not differ from each other in their pain reports or the degree to which their performance was hampered by pain in either task. Conclusions: This study provides evidence that adaptation to pain through participation in high-contact sports can enhance both pain tolerance generally and motor performance specifically under increases in pain. The mechanisms behind these differences warrant further exploration.

Impact and Reach

Statistics

Downloads
Activity Overview
0Downloads
53Hits

Additional statistics for this dataset are available via IRStats2.

Altmetric

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item